Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
Division(s) within the Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet with a role or interest in biosecurity:

Science Council of Japan
The Science Council of Japan was established as a “special organization” under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister for the purpose of promoting and enhancing the field of science, and having science reflected in and permeated into administration, industries and people’s lives. Its two functions are: to deliberate on important issues concerning science and help solve such issues and to make coordination among scientific studies to achieve higher efficiency.

Council for Science Technology Policy
The Council, in assistance to the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, aims to oversee science and technology policies in Japan as well as plan and coordinate comprehensive and basic policies on science and technology from a vantage point higher than that of the various ministries.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Division(s) within MOFA with a role or interest in biosecurity:

Biological Weapons Convention Division (BWC)
MOFA press releases on the disarmament of and non-proliferation of biological weapons.

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, and Science & Technology (MEXT)
Division(s) within MEXT with a role or interest in biosecurity:

National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP)
In order to properly cope with structural changes of a complicated and advanced society and economy, NISTEp was created to lead planning of government S&T policies by implementing S&T policy research with a comprehensive and long-term perspective and to provide research results to society and support firms and related organizations to formulate strategy for R&D and innovation management.

Specialized Institutes/Centers:

National Institute of Infectious Disease (NIID)
The Institute aims at carrying out extensive and original research projects on a variety of contagious diseases from the standpoint of preventive medicine, improving human health and welfare by suppressing infectious diseases, and clarifying and supporting the scientific background of health and medical administration of the country. These functions may be summarized into research activities, reference services for infectious diseases, surveillance of infectious diseases, national control tests and other tests, international cooperation, and training activities.